Romantic Illustration Network:
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If you have any suggestions for texts we should include, or would like us to add your book or article, please email
Katie Snow at

Allen, Graham. ‘Shelley as Visual Artist: Doodles, Sketches, Ink Blots, and the Critical Reception of the Visual.’  Studies in Romanticism, 60 no. 3, 2021: 277-306.

Altick, Richard D. The Shows of London. Harvard UP, 1978.

Altick, Richard D. Painting from Books: Art and Literature in Britain 1760-1900. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1985.

Baker, James. The Business of Satirical Prints in Late-Georgian England. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017.

Bartram, Alan. Five Hundred Years of Book Design. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001.

Benton, Michael. Studies in the spectator role: Literature, painting and pedagogy. London and New York: Routledge, 2000.

Bettley, James, ed. The Art of the Book: From Medieval Manuscript to Graphic Novel. London: V and A Publications, 2001.

Bland, David. The Illustration of Books. Faber and Faber, 1951.

Bland, David. A History of Book Illustration: The Illuminated Manuscript and the Printed Book. Second Edition. Faber and Faber, 1969.

Blewett, David. The Illustration of Robinson Crusoe, 1719-1920. Gerrards Cross: Colin Smythe, 1995.

Bonnell, Thomas Frank. The Most Disreputable Trade: publishing the classics of English poetry 1765-1810. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Brenni, Vito Joseph. Book Illustration and Decoration: A Guide to Research. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1985.

Breton, Rob. “Portraits of the Poor in Early Nineteenth-Century Radical Journalism,” Journal of Victorian Culture 21:2 (2016), 168-83.

Brewer, John. The Pleasures of the Imagination: English Culture in the Eighteenth Century. 1997; Routledge, 2013. Chapter 11, ‘Borrowing, Copying and Collecting’.

Briggs, Jo. Novelty Fair: British visual culture between Chartism and the Great Exhibition. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2016.

Brown, John Buchanan. Early Victorian Illustrated Books: Britain, France and Germany 1820-1860. London: British Library and Oak Knoll Press, 2005.

Bryan, Michael. Dictionary of Painters and Engravers: Biographical and Critical. New ed., rev. and enl., ed. Robert Edmund Graves. London: G. Bell, 1886-1889.

Brylowe, Thora. Romantic Art in Practice: Cultural Work and the Sister Arts, 1760–1820. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018.

Bryson, Norman et al, eds. Visual Theory: Painting and Interpretation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

Burwick, Frederick. “James Gillray and the Aporia of Visual Hermeneutics,” Romantic Explorations, ed. Michael Meyer. Trier: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier, 2011. Pp. 85-103.

Burwick, Frederick.“The Hermeneutics of Lichtenberg’s Interpretation of Hogarth,” The Lessing Yearbook 19 (1987): 167‑191.

Burwick, Frederick. “Lessing’s Laokoon and the rise of Visual Hermeneutics,” Poetics Today XX, no. 2 (Summer 1999): 219-272.

Cale, Luisa. Fuseli’s Milton Gallery: ‘Turning readers into spectators’. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2006.

Clayton, Timothy. ‘The London Printsellers and the Export of English Graphic Prints” in Kremers, Anorthe and Reich, Elisabeth. (eds.) Loyal Subversion? Caricatures from the Personal Union between England and Hanover (1714-1837). Goettingen: Vandenhoeck & Reprecht, 2014. Pp. 140-62.

Cubitt, Sean. Digital Aesthetics. Sage, 1998 []

Dabydeen, David. Hogarth’s Blacks: Images of Blacks in Eighteenth Century English Art. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1987.

Daly, Peter M. et al eds. Word and Visual Imagination: Studies in the Interaction of English Literature and the Visual Arts. Germany: Universitatsbund Erlangen-Nurnberg, 1988.

Davidson, Peter. The Book Encompassed: Studies in Twentieth Century Biography. New Castle, Delaware: Oak Knoll Press, 1992.

Delamaire, Marie-Stéphanie and Slauter, Will. (eds.) Circulation and Control: Artistic Culture and Intellectual Property in the Nineteenth Century. Cambridge: Open Book Publishers, 2021.

Dias, Rosemarie. ‘“A World of Pictures”: Pall Mall and the Topography of Display, 1780-1799’ in Miles Ogborn and Charles Withers, Georgian Geographies: Space, Place and Landscape in the Eighteenth Century.’ Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2004.

Dickie, Simon. Cruelty and Laughter: Forgotten Comic Literature and the Unsentimental Eighteenth Century. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2011.

Duff, David. (ed.) The Oxford Handbook of British Romanticism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018.

Eaves, Morris. ‘The sister arts in British Romanticism’. The Cambridge Companion to British Romanticism. Second Edition Ed. Stuart Curran. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010. Pp. 229-61.

Eisenstein, Elizabeth L. The Printing Press as an Agent of Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980.

Essick, Robert N. “Visual/Verbal Relationships in Book Illustration.” In British Art 1740-1820: Essays in Honor of Robert R. Wark. Ed Guilland Sutherland. San Marino, CA: Huntington Library, 1992.

Faxon, Frederick W. Literary Annual and Gift Books: A Bibliography. Private Libraries Association, 1973.

Ferguson, Olivia. “Walter Scott and the Future of Caricature in the Novel,” Studies in Romanticism, 60 no. 2, 2021: 205-227.

Ferris, Ina, and Paul Keen, eds. Bookish Histories: Books, Literature, and Commercial Modernity, 1700-1900. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan 2009.

Finkelstein, David Book History Reader. London: Routledge, 2002.

Ford, Brian J. Images of Science: A History of Scientific Illustration. London: British Library, 1992; rpt. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Fried, Michael. Absorption and Theatricality: Painting and the Beholder in the Age of Diderot. Berkeley: California University Press, 1980.

Garside, Peter. ‘Illustrating the Waverley Novels: Scott, Scotland, and the London Print Trade, 1819-1836’, The Library, 11 (2010), 168-96.

—. ‘Print Illustrations and the Cultural Materialism of Scott’s Waverley Novels’ in British Literature and Print Culture, ed. Sandro Jung. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 2013. Pp. 125-57.

Gatrell, Vic. City of Laughter: Sex and Satire in Eighteenth Century London. London: Atlantic, 2006.

Gerard, William Blake. Lawrence Sterne and the Visual Imagination. Farnham: Ashgate, 2006.

Golden, Catherine J. Book Illustrated: Text, Image, and Culture 1770-1930. New Castle: Oak Knoll Press, 2000.

Godfrey, Richard T. and Hallett, Mark. (eds.) James Gillray: The Art of Caricature. London: Tate Publishing, 2001.

Goldman, Paul. ‘Defining Illustration Studies: Towards a New Academic Discipline’, Chapter 1 of Paul Goldman and Simon Cooke, eds, Reading Victorian Illustration, 1855-1875: Spoils of the Lumber Room. Farnham: Ashgate, 2012.

Gollapudi, Aparna. ‘Selling Celebrity: Actors’ Portraits in Bell’s Shakespeare and Bell’s British Theatre’. Eighteenth Century Life, Volume 36, Number 1, Winter 2012.

Gordon, Catherine M. British Painting of Subjects from the English Novel New York: Garland, 1988.

Haggarty, Sarah. ‘Blake’s Newton, Line-Drawing, and Geometry.’ Studies in Romanticism, 60 no. 2, 2021: 123-151.

Hammelmann, Hanns. Book Illustrators in Eighteenth-Century England. Edited and completed by T.S.R. Boase. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1975.

Harris, Katherine D. “Fantasies of Containment: Archiving Moments in Cyber- and Real-Life.” Metaphors of Cyberspace. Ed. Caroline Maun.

Harthan, John. The History of the Illustrated Book: The Western Tradition. London: Thames and Hudson, 1981.

Haywood, Ian. Romanticism and Caricature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013.

—. ‘Pandemonium: Radical Soundscapes and Satirical Prints in the Romantic period’, Republics of Letters: A Journal for the Study of Knowledge, Politics, and the Arts, 5, 2 (2016). 

—. “The Life of William Cobbett: caricature, hauntology and the impossibility of radical life writing in the Romantic Period” in A History of British Working-Class Literature. Goodridge, J. & Keegan, B. (eds.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2017. Pp. 176-194.

—. ‘Hazlitt and the Monarchy: Legitimacy, Radical Print Culture, and Caricature’, The Hazlitt Review 9 (2016), 5-26.

Hazlitt, William. Sketches of the Principal Picture Galleries in England. London: Taylor and Hessey,1824.

Heffernen, James A. W. ed., Space, Time, Image, Sign: Essays on Literature and the Visual Arts. Bern:Peter Lang, 1987.

Hill, Richard. ‘The Illustration of the Waverley Novels: Scott and Popular Illustrated Fiction’, Scottish Literary Review, 1.1 (2009), 69-88.

Hill, Richard. Picturing Scotland through the Waverley Novels: Walter Scott and the Origins of the Victorian Illustrated Novel. Farnham: Ashgate, 2010.

Hillis Miller, J. Illustration. London: Reaktion Books, 1992.

Hodnett, Edward. Image and Text: Studies in the Illustration of English Literature. London: Scolar Press, 1982.

—. Five Centuries of English Book Illustration. London: Scolar Press, 1988.

Hofer, Philip. Eighteenth Century Book Illustration. Los Angeles: Williams Andrews Clark Memorial Library, University of California, 1956.

Höltgen, Karl Josef, Peter M. Daly and Wolfgang Lottes, eds. Word and Visual Imagination: Studies in the Interaction of English Literature and the Visual Arts. Erlangen-Nürnberg, 1988.

Hunnisett, Basil. Steel Engraved Book Illustration in England. London: Scolar Press, 1980.

Ionescu, Christina and Renata Schellenberg eds. Word and Image in the Long Eighteenth Century: An Interdisciplinary Dialogue. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2008.

James, Philip. English bookillustration 1800-1900. Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin, 1947.

John, Adrian. The Nature of the Book: Print and Knowledge in the Making. Chicago UP, 1998.

Jung, Sandro. ‘Illustrated Pocket Diaries and the Commodification of Culture’, Eighteenth-Century Life, 37.3 (2013): 53-84.

Jung, Sandro. ‘Packaging, Design and Colour: From Fine-Printed to Small-Format Editions of Thomson’s The Seasons, 1793-1802’ in Sandro Jung, ed, British Literature and Print Culture, The English Association Essays and Studies 66 (D. S. Brewer, 2013), 97-124.

Jung, Sandro. ‘Print Culture, High-Cultural Consumption, and Thomson’s The Seasons, 1780-1797′, Eighteenth-Century Studies, 44 (2011): 495-514.

Jung, Sandro. ‘Thomas Stothard’s Illustrations for The Royal Engagement Pocket Atlas, 1779-1826′, The Library, 12.1 (2011): 3-22.

Jung, Sandro. ‘Visual Interpretations, Print, and Illustrations of Thomson’s The Seasons, 1730–1797’, Eighteenth Century Life 34. 2 (Spring 2010), 23-64.

Katz, Bill, ed. A History of Book Illustration: 29 Points of View. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow, 1994.

Keymer, Thomas and Peter Sabor. Pamela in the Marketplace: Literary Controversy and Print Culture in Eighteenth-Century Britain and Ireland. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ., 2006. See especially chapter 5, “Illustrations and the Visual Culture of the Novel”.

Kremers, Anorthe and Reich, Elisabeth. (eds.) Loyal Subversion? Caricatures from the Personal Union between England and Hanover (1714-1837). Goettingen: Vandenhoeck & Reprecht, 2014.

Kress, Gunter, amd Theo van Leeuwen. Reading Images: The Grammar of Visual Design. London: Routledge, 1996.

Kroeber, Karl and William Walling. Images of Romanticism. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1978.

Landseer, John. Lectures on the Art of Engraving. London: Longman, Hurst, Rees and Orme,1807.

Levarie, Norma. The Art and History of Books. New Castle: Oak Knoll Press, 1995.

Lewine, J. Bibliography of Eighteenth-Century Art and Illustrated Books: Being a Guide to Collections of Illustrated Works in English and French of the Period. London: Sampson Low, Marston and Company, 1898.

Matthews, Susan, Blake, Sexuality and Bourgeois Politeness. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.

Maxwell, Richard. The Victorian Illustrated Book. Charlottesville: Virginia University Press, 2002.

McCreery, Cindy. The Satirical Gaze: Prints of Women in Late Eighteenth-Century England. London: Clarendon Press, 2004.

Melville, Stephen W. (ed). Vision and Textuality. London: Macmillan, 1991.

Miller, John. Religion in Popular Prints, 1600-1832. Cambridge: Chadwyck-Healey, 1986.

Mitchell, W. T. Iconology: Image, Text, Ideology. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1987.

Mole, Tom. Romanticism and Celebrity Culture: 1750-1850. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

Möller, Joachim (ed.). Imagination on a Long Rein: English Literature Illustrated. Marburg: Jonas, 1988.

Moores, John Richard. Representations of France in English Satirical Prints 1740-1832. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.

Myrone, Martin, and Lucy Peltz, ed. Producing the Past: Aspects of Antiquarian Culture and Practice, 1700-1850. Preface by Stephen Bann. Brookfield, VT: Ashgate, 1999.

Odumosu, Temi. Africans in English Caricature: Black Jokes, White Caricature 1769- 1819. London: Harvey Miller Publishers, 2017.

O’Rourke, Stephanie.  Art, Science, and the Body in Early Romanticism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2021.

Piper, Andrew. Dreaming in Books: the making of the bibliographic imagination in the Romantic Period. Chicago, 2009.

Piper, David. The Image of the Poet. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1982.

Pop, Andrei. Antiquity, Theatre, and the Painting of Henry Fuseli. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015.

Praz, Mario. Mnemosyne: The Parallel Between Literature and the Visual Arts. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1970.

Quinsey, Katherine M. (ed.) Animals and Human: sensibility and representation, 1650-1820. Oxford: Voltaire Foundation, 2017.

Rabb, Melinda. ‘Johnson, Lilliput and Eighteenth-Century Miniature’, Eighteenth Century Studies 46. 2 (2013)

Raven, James. Judging New Wealth: Popular Publishing and Responses to Commerce in England, 1750-1800. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Raven, James. The Business of Books 1450-1850. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2007.

Ray, Gordon N. The Illustrator and the Book in England from 1790-1914. Pierpont Morgan Library: Oxford University Press, 1976.

Read, Dennis M. R. H. Cromek: Engraver, Editor and Entrepreneur. Farnham: Ashgate, 2011.

Roberto, Rose. ‘(Re)assembling Reference Books and Recycling Images: The Wood Engravings of the W. and R. Chambers Firm’ in Delamaire, Marie-Stéphanie and Slauter, Will. (eds.) Circulation and Control: Artistic Culture and Intellectual Property in the Nineteenth Century. 2021. Pp. 295-336.

Rosenthal, Angela. (ed.) No Laughing Matter: Visual Humours in Ideas of Race, Nationality, and Ethnicity. New Hampshire: Dartmouth College Press, 2016. See especially Hart, Katherine. ‘James Gillray, Charles James Fox, and the Abolition of the Slave Trade: Caricature and Displacement in the Debate over Reform.’ Pp. 76-103.

Russell, Gillian. The Ephemeral Eighteenth Century: Print, Sociability, and the Cultures of Collecting. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2020.

Sabor, Peter. ‘Illustrations of Robinson Crusoe, 1719-1920’ Eighteenth-Century Fiction. 9 (1996): 122-124.

Sillars, Stuart. Painting Shakespeare: The Artist as Critic. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

The Illustrated Shakespeare, 1709-1875. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press2008.

Shepherd, Lynn. Clarissa’s Painter. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Skelly, Julia. The Uses of Excess in Visual and Material Culture, 1600-2010. Farnham: Ashgate Publishing Ltd., 2014.

Skilton, David. ‘The Relation between Illustration and Text in the Victorian Novel: A New Perspective’ in Höltgen, Word and Visual Imagination: Studies in the Interaction of English Literature and the Visual Arts. Erlangen-Nurnberg, 1988.Pp. 303-19.

Solkin, David H. ed. Art on the Line: The Royal Academy Exhibitions at Somerset House 1780-1836. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2001.

Solkin, David. Painting for Money: The Visual Arts and the Public Sphere in Eighteenth-Century England. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992.

Smiles,Sam. Eye Witness: Artists and Visual Documentation in Britain 1770-1830. Farnham: Ashgate, 2000.

Smith, Keith A. Structure of the Visual Book. 4th ed. Keith A. Smith Books: 2003.

Stafford, Barbara. Good Looking: Essays on the Virtue of Images. MIT, 2003.

St Clair, William. The Reading Nation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Stewart, Garrett. The Look of Reading: Book, Painting, Text. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 2006.

Tattersfield, Nigel. John Bewick: Engraver on Wood, 1760-1795: An Appreciation of His Life, together with an Annotated Catalogue of his Illustrations and Designs. London: British Library; New Castle, DE: Oak Knoll, 2001.

Thackeray, William. ‘Pictures of Life and Character. By John Leech’ (1854), Critical Papers on Art. London: Macmillan, 1904.

Thomas. Julia. Pictorial Victorians: The Inscription of Value in Word and Image. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 2004.

Thomas, Sophie. “Poetry and Illustration” in The Blackwell Companion to Romantic Poetry, ed. Charles Mahoney (Blackwell, 2011), pp. 354-373.

Wagner, Peter. (ed.) Icons, Texts, Iconotexts: Essays on Ekphrasis and Intermediality. Berlin, 1996.

Walters, Gwyn. “Developments in the Study of Book Illustration.” The Book Encompassed: Studies in Twentieth-Century Bibliography. Ed. Peter Davison. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Wendorf, Richard. Articulate Images: The Sister Arts from Hogarth to Tennyson. Minneapolis:Minnesota University Press, 1983.

Westover, Paul. ‘Illustration, Historicism, and Travel: The Legacy of Sir Walter Scott’, in Necromanticism: Traveling to Meet the Dead, 1750-1860. Basingstoke; New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012. Pp. 142-73.

Whiteley, William T. Artists and Their Friends in England, 1700-1799. 1928; reprinted New York: Benjamin Blom, 1968.

Recent Posts

Introduction, Twitter launch and Call for Contributions

Hello and a very happy New Year to all members of the Romantic Illustration Network! My name is Katie Snow and I’m pleased to be the new web lead for the RIN. Lots has been happening behind the scenes at RIN, and in this post I’ll introduce myself, share our new Twitter account, and encourage submissions to the blog.

My work is best described as a mix of medical and art history; I use visual sources to explore attitudes towards bodies, gender and sexuality. At present, my research is focused on how the body – and especially its intimate parts – are politicised in British caricature. I’m writing my first monograph, Satirising the Breast, having been awarded a PhD on representations of breasts in Georgian satirical prints in the summer of 2021. I’m looking forward to seeing how my involvement with the RIN shapes my project, and would love to hear from members with similar interests.

For those of you who are active on social media, we’ve recently launched a RIN Twitter account which will act as a hub for exchanging ideas, sharing news and celebrating work. To help spread the news of our joining, please follow the account here, retweet posts and tag the RIN in items you think might be of interest to members. 

Over the coming weeks and months I’ll also be updating this website with information about upcoming events, partnerships and relevant publications, as well as sharing useful links to research, cultural and pedagogical platforms. Please get in touch if you would like to be added as a Member, have any suggestions for material to be included or if you would like to recommend a book or article to be added to the Bibliography page (don’t be shy about sharing your own!). 

Finally, I’d like to take this opportunity to invite ongoing contributions to the RIN blog. We welcome anything which might interest our diverse network of members: posts might, for example, take the form of a review of an event, text or media item; an exploration of a primary source; or serve as an introduction to a new research project. All topics related to visual culture in the Romantic period will be considered. The RIN endorses a broad definition of illustration, welcoming interdisciplinary approaches and international perspectives which bring together scholars working on poetry, prose, the printed book, paintings and other visual materials from roughly 1750-1850. Published posts will be shared on Twitter, as well as directly with our network members and partners. As an illustration network we are particularly keen to reinstate our popular Image of the Month series, which spotlights paintings, prints and other illustrations. Posts typically range from 500-3000 words. Previous Image of the Month publications can be viewed here:

As the year unfolds, I hope you will consider submitting your suggestions and ideas to the RIN, and contribute to the exciting ongoing conversations in the field of Romantic visual culture. I’ll leave you with this satirical print of a young French man, whose festive extravagances catch up with him as creditors, rather than friends, come a-calling on the morning of New Year’s Day 1815…

Please get in touch with me at

Les Visites du Jour de l’An (The New Year’s Day Visits). 1814. British Museum, Museum no. 2001,0520.72.

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